Cohesion Fund (CF)

The Cohesion Fund is a structural instrument designed to support the least prosperous Member States* to help catch-up with other Member States and to stabilize their economies while supporting sustainable development (actions in the frame of the Convergence objective). It finances major projects in the fields of transport, energy and environmental protection.

The Cohesion Fund contributes to interventions in the field of the environment and trans-European transport networks. It applies to Member States with a Gross National Income (GNI) of less than 90% of the Community average which means it covers the new Member States as well as Greece and Portugal. Spain will be eligible to the Cohesion Fund on a transitional basis. In the new period, the Fund will contribute alongside the ERDF to multi-annual investment programmes managed in a decentralised way, rather than being subject to individual project approval by the Commission

Target Group
Demonstration and investment activities
Business and economics, Development, Regional, urban and rural development
Source Regions
European Union
Source Countries
Eligible Regions
European Union
Eligible Countries
Grant Types
Cooperation, collaboration
Funding Bodies
Bulgarian, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Irish Gaelic, Italian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish
Support Types
Deadline Date
Programme Owner
Legal Source
Proposal for a REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL on the Cohesion Fund and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 1084/2006
Supporting Programme
Refering Grants


The Cohesion Fund shall, while ensuring an appropriate balance and according to the investment and infrastructure needs specific to each Member State, support:

  • Investments in the environment, including areas related to sustainable development and energy which present environmental benefits;
  • Trans-European networks in the area of transport infrastructure;
  • Technical assistance.



Proposal Submission

Supported activities

Supporting the shift towards a low-carbon economy in all sectors by:

  • promoting the production and distribution of renewable energy sources;
  • promoting energy efficiency and renewable energy use in small and medium-sized enterprises;
  • supporting energy efficiency and renewable energy use in public infrastructures;
  • developing smart distribution systems at low voltage levels;
  • promoting low-carbon strategies for urban areas;

Promoting climate change adaptation, risk prevention and management by:

  • supporting dedicated investment for adaptation to climate change;
  • promoting investment to address specific risks, ensuring disaster resilience and developing disaster management systems;

Protecting the environment and promoting resource efficiency by:

  • addressing the significant needs for investment in the waste sector to meet the requirements of the Union's environmental acquis;
  • addressing the significant needs for investment in the water sector to meet the requirements of the Union's environmental acquis;
  • protecting and restoring biodiversity, including through green infrastructures;
  • improving the urban environment, including regeneration of brownfield sites and reduction of air pollution.

Promoting sustainable transport and removing bottlenecks in key network infrastructures, by:

  • supporting a multi-modal Single European Transport Area by investing in the Trans-European Transport Network;
  • developing environment-friendly and low-carbon transport systems including promoting sustainable urban mobility;
  • developing comprehensive, high quality and interoperable railway systems;



Enhancing institutional capacity and an efficient public administration by strengthening of institutional capacity and the efficiency of public administrations and public services related to implementation of the Cohesion Fund.


Part of the Cohesion Fund allocation (€11.3 billion) will be ring-fenced to finance core transport networks under the "Connecting Europe" Facility. The Cohesion Fund can also support projects related to energy, as long as they clearly present a benefit to the environment, for example by promoting energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy.


The Fund is implemented at a national level by a managing authority. Calls for proposals and tenders are published in the national language and potential applicants should contact the managing authority in his/her country for more information. The size of individual allocations for each country is determined on the basis of population, total area of the country, GDP per capita and socio-economic factors related to the transport infrastructure system.

Terms And Conditions

Legal basis: Regulation (EU) No 1303/2013 laying down common provisions for the funds covered by the Common Strategic Framework and Regulation (EU) No 1300/2013 on the Cohesion Fund


€ 74 928,36 million (current prices)

Total Funding Amount

 74 928,36 million (current prices)

Selection Criteria

Member States, whose GNI per inhabitant is less than 90% of the EU27 average in making investments in TEN-T transport networks and the environment.

Open To

Please refer to the program website for details.