The new LIFE Programme with two subprogrammes: one for Environment and one for Climate Action. The creation of a subprogramme for Climate Action upgrades the former thematic strand "climate change" under the LIFE+ Environment Policy and Governance component.
LIFE Programme is a catalyst for promoting implementation and integration of environmental and climate objectives in other policies and Member State practice.
The LIFE Climate Action sub-programme has three priority areas.
|LIFE Priority area||Focus|
|LIFE Climate change mitigation||Reducing greenhouse gas emissions|
|LIFE Climate change adaptation||Increasing resilience to climate change|
|LIFE Climate change governance and Information||Increasing awareness, communication, cooperation and dissemination of information on climate mitigation and adaptation actions|
Sub-programme for Environment (€2 592 million in current prices)
Environment and Resource Efficiency
Nature and Biodiversity
Environmental Governance and Information
Sub-programme for Climate Action (€ 864 million)
Climate Change Mitigation
Climate Change Adaptation
Climate Governance and Information
LIFE remains centrally managed. The Commission will explore the possibility of delegating to a large extent the selection and monitoring tasks to the European Agency for Competitiveness and Innovation, while keeping the governance of the LIFE Programme within the Commission.The LIFE Programme will cover all types of funding required to address its objectives and priorities. In particular, action grants to finance projects represent the main financial intervention. Operating grants for NGOs and other entities of Union interest which are primarily active in the area of environment or climate are also possible. The LIFE Programme allows the use of financial instruments. The Commission will encourage the use of green public procurement when implementing action grants.
Union funding may take the following legal forms:
(b)public procurement contracts;
(c)contributions to financial instruments in accordance with provisions on financial instruments under Regulation (EU, Euratom) No966/2012, in particular Articles 139 and 140 thereof, and with operational requirements set out in specific Union acts;
(d) any other interventions needed for the purpose of achieving the general objectives setout in Article 3.
At least 81 % of the budgetary resources for the LIFE Programme shall be allocated to projects supported by way of action grants. The Commission may include those financial instruments as part of the multiannual work programme referred to in Article 24, subject to an ex-ante evaluation. A maximum of 30% of the budgetary resources allocated to action grants may be allocated to integrated projects.
Action grants may finance the following projects:
(a) pilot projects;
(b) demonstration projects;
(c) best practice projects;
(d) integrated projects primarily in the areas of nature, water, waste, air, and
climate change mitigation and adaptation;
(e) technical assistance projects;
(f) capacity-buidling projects';
(g) preparatory projects;
(h) information, awareness and dissemination projects;
(i) any other projects needed for the purpose of achieving the objectives.
Operating grants shall support certain operational and administrative costs of nonprofit making entities.
Legal basis: Regulation (EU) No 1293/2013 establishing a Programme for the Environment and Climate Action (LIFE Programme)
€ 3 456 million in current prices
The overall budget for the implementation of the LIFE Programme is €3.457 billion for the period 2014-2020, 75% of which is allocated to the sub-programme for environment (€2,592,491,250) and 25% to the sub-programme for climate action (€864,163,750). €449.2 million is allocated to climate action for 2014-2017. Of this, €44.26 million will be available for the 2014 call for proposals.
The LIFE Programme may fund public and private bodies.
The LIFE Programme shall be open to the participation of the following countries: