Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs) are means to implement the Strategic Research Agendas (SRAs) of a limited number of European Technology Platforms (ETPs).In these few ETPs, the scale and scope of the objectives is such that loose co-ordination through ETPs and support through the regular instruments of the Framework Programme for Research and Development are not sufficient. Instead, effective implementation requires a dedicated mechanism that enables the necessary leadership and coordination to achieve the research objectives. To meet the needs of this small number of ETPs, the concept of "Joint Technology Initiatives" has been developed
The operational and support expenditure for each of the JTIs and SESAR in 2014 (in commitment and payment appropriations) are proposed to be funded by redeployment from the major operational budget lines of the Horizon 2020 programmes concerned, which serve the same policy objectives. Overall, the redeployment of commitment and payment appropriations within Horizon 2020 to allow the functioning of the five JTIs and SESAR amounts to EUR 609,2 million in commitment appropriations and EUR 76,9 million in payment appropriations.The financial envelopes for the JTIs and SESAR indicated above consist primarily of operational appropriations to realise their policy objectives, as well as of a contribution to their running costs, which are financed on a 50/50 basis with industry and other partners in the joint undertaking. The overall amount of operational expenditure to be managed by the JTIs and SESAR is foreseen to increase substantially over the new MFF period.
The Horizon 2020 Regulation sets out a number of criteria which must be met when selecting areas for public-private partnerships. The legislation also foresees a single set of rules that will apply to all parts of Horizon 2020, including the JTIs, unless there is a well justified need for a specific derogation.
Building on the experience gained with Joint Technology Initiatives (JTIs) during the current 7th Research Framework Programme (FP7), and the clear commitments from the industry partners, JTIs under Horizon 2020 will benefit from a legal framework that is better suited to strong industrial involvement and major simplification achieved by making full use of the new provisions in the Financial Regulation, which includes dedicated provisions on public-private partnerships, e.g.10 explicit recognition of JTIs as public-private partnership bodies with the possibility to adopt their own 'light' Financial Regulation adapted to their specific needs.
JTIs support co-operative research across Europe in fields of key importance for industrial research, where there are clearly identified common technological and economic objectives. The idea is to boost European investment by providing a clear framework for research investment, which encourages both industry and Member States to increase their spending.
They contribute considerably to raising European, national and regional as well as private R&D investment in the technological fields concerned and to improving the impact of this investment through concentrating efforts and resources and avoiding fragmentation.
Europe stands to gain massively from a focused approach to research which complements and integrates national research efforts, and leads to economies of scale and efficiency gains. Streamlining management overheads and reducing red tape would lead to shorter times to contract and project. This is attractive for companies that face ever-shrinking times to market and windows of opportunity.
The proposed JTIs build on a successful track record under FP7. Four of these represent the next stage for JTIs established under FP7 (including the electronics systems and components JTI that merges the existing ARTEMIS and ENIAC JTIs). The Bio-based Industries JTI has been identified as a new initiative following the European bioeconomy strategy8. Each JTI proposed has clearly defined objectives to achieve breakthroughs in the following areas:
These five JTIs are expected to mobilise a total investment of over EUR 17 billion, of which the EU budget contribution will be up to.
Access individual JTI pages:
The Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) will contribute to the development of a strong and globally competitive electronics components and systems industry in the Union. It will focus on high Technology Readiness Levels (TRL), i.e. manufacturing and market-segments demonstrations. It will encompass micro-/nanoelectronics (ENIAC ETP), smart integrated systems (EPoSS ETP) and embedded systems (ARTEMIS ETP).
It aims to:
The JTI will combine the ENIAC and ARTEMIS Joint Undertakings into the new ECSEL Joint Undertaking and simplify the modus operandi based on the past experience.
JTI on electronic components and systems (nanoelectronics, smart systems & embedded systems).
Negotiate the Council Regulation on the ECSEL Joint Undertaking, set up and participate in the governance of the ECSEL Joint Undertaking.
Coordinate with key decision-makers (European Technology Platforms, Member States, regions, industry associations and R&D&I actors in the field).
A JTI implements a common Strategic Research Agenda. This details the research and development challenges that need to be addressed. Each JTI defines a detailed Work Programme and directly manages all aspects of the implementation of the JTI programme, including organising calls for proposals and tender, proposal evaluation, project selection, negotiation and signature of research grant agreements, project follow-up and reporting, all respecting the Framework Programme's principles of transparency, competition and excellence.
In addition, it deals with general aspects such as research infrastructure, education, support for SMEs and international collaboration.
Besides EU Member States, organisations in countries associated to Horizon 2020 are eligible for funding. Applications from organisations based in third countries are assessed on a case-by-case basis.
All calls for proposals organised by the JTI JUs are open and competitive. The proposals to be funded are selected on the basis of the over-riding criterion of scientific excellence.